The EU has usurped essential parts of the national laws of immigration and asylum. Hence, European Directives and Regulations have become more important for the immigration departments and administrative tribunals. From German Courts alone, more than five referrals on the interpretation of Directives, especially in the area of the so-called Qualification-Directive (criteria for the recognition as a refugee,) have been made to the European Court of Justice. The immigration departments, too, are obliged to interpret national law, according to European Directives and Regulations. Accordingly, in most of the European member states numerous courts are required to decide on the basis of the European law in the field of immigration and asylum.
For example, the following pieces of European legislation have been dealt with in detail:
Directive on the qualification and status of refugees
Directive on asylum procedure
Directive on the admission of students
Directive on the admission of researchers
Family reunion Directive
Blue Card Directive
Directive on the return of third-country nationals
Dublin Regulation, including Dublin Implementation Regulation and Eurodac
Professor Hailbronner is Director of the Center for International and European Immigration and Asylum Law at the University of Konstanz.
Professor Astrid Epiney, University of Fribourg
Ryszard Cholewinski, International Organisation for Migration in Geneva
Dr Martin Schieffer, European Commission
Professor Achilles Skordas, University of Bristol
Professor Thomas Spijkerboer, VU University, Amsterdam.
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